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Dermatology

Dermatology

What Is Meant By  Dermatology?

Skin-related kind of Internal Medicine. It specializes in both medical and surgical
stages as well.
Diseases related to Skin:
1-Acne.
Commonly located on the face, neck, shoulders, chest, and upper back.
Breakouts on the skin composed of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, or
deep, painful cysts and nodules.
May leave scars or darken the skin if untreated.

2-Blister.
May be smaller than 1 cm (vesicle) or larger than 1 cm (bulla) and
occur alone or in groups.
Characterized by watery, clear, fluid-filled area on the skin.
Can be found anywhere on the body.

3-Cold sore.
Outbreaks may also be accompanied by mild, flu-like symptoms such as low
fever, body aches, and swollen lymph nodes.
Red, painful, fluid-filled blister that appears near the mouth and lips.
Affected area will often tingle or burn before the sore is visible.

4-Actinic keratosis.
Thick, scaly, or crusty skin patch.
Typically less than 2 cm, or about the size of a pencil eraser. Appears on parts of the body that receive a lot of sun exposure (hands, arms, face, scalp, and neck.
Usually pink in color but can have a brown, tan, or gray base.

5-Hives.
Itchy, raised welts that occur after exposure to an allergen.
Red, warm, and mildly painful to the touch.
Can be small, round, and ring-shaped or large and randomly shaped.

6-Rosacea.
Chronic skin disease that goes through cycles of fading and relapse.
There are four subtypes of rosacea encompassing a wide variety of
symptoms.
Common symptoms include facial flushing, raised, red bumps, facial
redness, skin dryness, and skin sensitivity.

7-Carbuncle.
Red, painful, and irritated lump under your skin.
May be accompanied by fever, body aches, and fatigue.
Can cause skin crustiness or oozing.

8-Eczema.
Yellow or white scaly patches that flake off.
Affected areas may be red, itchy, greasy, or oily.
Hair loss may occur in the area with the rash.

9-Measles.
Tiny red spots with blue-white centers appear inside the mouth.
Symptoms include fever, sore throat, red, watery eyes, loss of appetite,
cough, and runny nose.

10-Basal cell carcinoma.
Visible blood vessels on the growth.
Raised, firm, and pale areas that may resemble a scar.
Dome-like, pink or red, shiny, and pearly areas that may have a sunk-in
center, like a crater.

11-Impetigo.
Common in babies and children.
Rash is often located in the area around the mouth, chin, and nose.
Common in babies and children.

12-Melasma.
Common skin condition that causes dark patches to appear on the face and, rarely, the neck, chest, or arms.
No other symptoms beyond skin discoloration.
May go away on its own within a year or may become permanent.

13-Ringworm.
Circular-shaped scaly rashes with raised border.
Skin in the middle of the ring appears clear and healthy, and the edges of
the ring may spread outward.

14-Keratosis pilaris.
Common skin condition most often seen on the arms and legs, but might
also occur on the face, buttocks, and trunk.14.
Often clears up on its own by age 30.
Patches of skin that appear bumpy, slightly red, and feel rough.

15-Seborrheic eczema.
Yellow or white scaly patches that flake off.
Affected areas may be red, itchy, greasy, or oily.
Hair loss may occur in the area with the rash.

16-Vitiligo.
Loss of pigment in the skin due to autoimmune destruction of the cells that
give skin its color.
Focal pattern: loss of skin color in only a few small areas that may merge
together.
Segmental pattern: depigmentation on one side of the body.

17-Contact dermatitis.
Appears hours to days after contact with an allergen.
Rash has visible borders and appears where your skin touched the irritating
substance.
Skin is itchy, red, scaly, or raw.

18-Lupus.
Symptoms include fatigue, headaches, fever, and swollen or painful
joints.
Scaly, disc-shaped rash that doesn’t itch or hurt.
Scaly red patches or ring shapes most commonly located on the
shoulders, forearms, neck, and upper torso that worsen with exposure
to sunlight.

19-Melanoma.
The most serious form of skin cancer, more common in fair-skinned people.
Mole anywhere on the body that has irregularly shaped edges,
asymmetrical shape, and multiple colors.
Mole that has changed color or gotten bigger over time.

20-Squamous cell carcinoma.
Often occurs in areas exposed to UV radiation, such as the face, ears, and
back of the hands.
Scaly, reddish patch of skin progresses to a raised bump that continues to
grow.
Growth that bleeds easily and doesn’t heal, or heals and then reappears.

Causes Of Skin Disorders.
Common known causes of skin disorders include:
Bacteria trapped in skin pores and hair follicles.
Fungus, parasites, or microorganisms living on the skin.
Viruses.
A weakened immune system.
Contact with allergens, irritants, or another person’s infected skin
Genetic factors.
Illnesses affecting the thyroid, immune system, kidneys, and other body
systems. Numerous health conditions and lifestyle factors can also lead to the
development of certain skin disorders. Some skin conditions have no known
cause.

Symptoms Of Skin Disorders.
Skin conditions have a wide range of symptoms. Symptoms on your skin that
appear due to common problems aren’t always the result of a skin disorder.
Such symptoms can include blisters from new shoes or chafing from tight
pants. However, skin problems that have no obvious cause may indicate the
presence of an actual skin condition that requires treatment.
Skin irregularities that are typically symptoms of a skin disorder
include:
Raised bumps that are red or white.
A rash, which might be painful or itchy.
Scaly or rough skin.
Peeling skin.
Ulcers.
Open sores or lesions.
Dry, cracked skin.
Discolored patches of skin.
Fleshy bumps, warts, or other skin growths.
Changes in mole color or size.
A loss of skin pigment.
Excessive flushing.

Treating Skin Disorders.
Many skin disorders are treatable. Common treatment methods for
skin conditions include:
Antihistamines.
Medicated creams and ointments.
Antibiotics.
Vitamin or steroid injections.
Laser therapy.
Targeted prescription medications.
Not all skin disorders respond to treatment. Some conditions go away without
treatment. People with permanent skin conditions often go through periods of
severe symptoms. Sometimes people are able to force incurable conditions
into remission. However, most skin conditions reappear due to certain
triggers, such as stress or illness.
You can often treat skin disorders that are temporary and cosmetic with:
Medicated makeup.
Over-the-counter skin care products.
Good hygiene practices.
Small lifestyle adjustments, such as making certain dietary changes.

Dermatologists.

A Dermatologist is a special kind of doctor that are able to resolve skin, nails, and
hair-related problems. Such as skin cancer and other skin-related diseases. We all
want healthy, glowing, and delicate skin. But sometimes, we lose healthy and
shiny skin for some reasons. These reason occur due to harmful sun rays, dust
particles (contaminants), and other atmospheric factors. As a result of these
reasons our skin suffers from acne, fine lines under the eye, pigmentation issues,
and aging signs, opening large pores, sun spots, and also dark spots. But the
dermatologists can overcome and eradicate all these skin-related problems.

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